FACULTY / STAFF
Miss Julie Winter
My name is Miss Julie Winter and I am the new general music teacher and director of the Bulldog Chorus at St. James School! I am a 2008 St. James alumni but feel like I never left the school after I graduated. I went on to Prospect High School and then graduated from Western Illinois University with a Bachelor’s degree in Music with an emphasis in choral music education. This will be my second year of teaching music. I have always loved working with children and watching them grow and I knew that sharing my love for music with them would be the best job on the planet!
As a life-long parishioner of St. James Parish I have been singing ever since I was in the 2nd and 3rd Grade Parish Choir! Currently, I participate in the 10:00 Choir as a choir member and cantor and as a flute instrumentalist. As a St. James student I had many wonderful opportunities to participate in choir and band. I am excited to now have the opportunity to work alongside my former flute teacher, Mrs. Mary McDermott. Isn’t that so awesome!? This year St. James students will be singing, moving, dancing and playing all kinds of instruments in general music! As the psalmist once sang “Make a joyful noise unto the Lord” and that is exactly what we will be doing this year in general music!
~ Opera Vocabulary Quiz Materials for 8th Grade ~
O P E R A
V O C A B U L A R Y
- ACT: A portion of an opera designated by the composer, which has a dramatic structure of its own.
- ARIA: A solo piece written for a main character, which focuses on the character’s emotion.
- BRAVO: Literally, a form of applause when shouted by members of the audience at the end of an especially pleasing performance. Strictly speaking, “bravo” is for a single man, “brava” for a woman, and “bravi” for a group of performers.
- CADENZA: A passage of singing, often at the end of an aria, which shows off the singer’s vocal ability.
- COLORATURA: Elaborate ornamentation of vocal music written using many fast notes and trills.
- LIBRETTO: The text or words of an opera.
- RECITATIVE: Words sung in a conversational style, usually to advance the plot. Not to be confused with aria.
- SCORE: The written music of an opera or other musical work.
- TYPES OF OPERAS
- GRAND OPERA: Specifically, a serious opera of epic proportions with no spoken dialogue, composed in 19th-century France, more broadly, an opera sung and produced in the “grand manner.”
- OPERA BUFFA: An opera about ordinary people, usually, but not always comic, which first developed in the 18th century.
- OPERA SERIA: A “serious” opera. The usual characters are gods, goddesses or ancient heroes.
- OPERETTA (MUSICAL COMEDY): A play, some of which is spoken but with many musical numbers.
- VOICE TYPES
- BARITONE: The male singing voice between bass and tenor.
- BASS: The lowest male singing voice. In serious or dramatic opera, low voices usually suggest age and wisdom; in comic opera, they are generally used for old characters.
- MEZZO-SOPRANO: The middle female singing voice. Opera composers often use the mezzo-soprano voice to portray a mother or caretaker, a villainess or a heroine.
- SOPRANO: The highest female singing voice.
- TENOR: The highest common adult male singing voice (not including countertenor). In opera, a tenor is usually the hero and/or romantic interest.